||ANNUAL CROP AND FOOD SUPPLY ASSESSMENT MISSION For Sudan February 2021
||Republic of Sudan , Food Security Technical Secretariat(FSTS),FAO,FEWS NET,USAID,WFP
||Khartoum - Sudan
|Full text document
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||National cereal production in 2020 (sorghum, millet and wheat) is estimated at 7.6
million tonnes, 8 percent up from 2019 and 20 percent higher than the average of the
past five-years, driven by an increased sorghum output.
Sorghum production is expected at about 5 million tonnes, 35 percent higher than the
level of the previous year and 12 percent above the past five-year average. The national
millet production is estimated at 1.9 million tonnes, 28 percent lower than in 2019 but
still 46 percent higher than the average of the past five years.
Exceptionally abundant seasonal rains and the overflow of rivers resulted in
widespread floods, which affected nearly all states and caused substantial crop losses,
while the impact of the restrictive measures to curb the spread of COVID 19 resulted in
labor shortages, especially at the beginning of the season.
On the other hand, cereal production benefited from the adequate availability of most
agricultural inputs including fuel, increased availability of agricultural finance, and the
high market prices of crops, which prompted farmers to increase plantings.
In particular, the sorghum output also benefited from the rainy season extending up to
late October, which allowed the maturation of sorghum crops planted instead of
replanting sesame crops affected by floods and Sesame Gall Midge.
Production of wheat, to be harvested in March 2021, is forecast at 659 000 tonnes, 4
percent up from last year and 21 percent above the previous five-year average.