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Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC)

The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a set of standardized tools that aims at providing a "common currency" for classifying the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. This evidence-based approach uses international standards which allow comparability of situations across countries and over time. It is based on consensus-building processes to provide decision makers with a rigorous analysis of food insecurity along with objectives for response in both emergency and development contexts.

SUDAN

Implementation process

The IPC has been introduced in 2007. Since 2008 the analysis of acute food insecurity has been led four times a year, then twice since 2012. The V2.0 has been introduced in 2012 and 225 persons have been trained (25 at federal level and 200 in all the 17 states). IPC is institutionalized at the national and state levels.

The IPC contribution to decision making

IPC constitutes the reference for decision making for the Government, UN agencies and NGOs. In particular the UN Work Plan 2013 refers to the IPC products.

The Zakat chamber uses IPC in addition to poverty criteria to identify beneficiaries for interventions such as restocking of shoats to venerable people in the East who lost their animals due to drought. The NGO ADRA used the IPC results to implement the creation of water points and interventions to improve pastures in Darfur and other areas, and some agricultural projects for the affected population in phases 3 and 4.

The Partnership and role of Government

IPC is hosted in the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation via its Food Security Technical Secretariat. The success of the partnership is also emphasized with the support of Humanitarian Aid Commission, Ministry of Animal Resources, FAO, FEWSNET and WFP. The TWG counts 225 members from different Ministries of the Government, UN agencies and NGOs (25 members at federal level and 200 from 17 states).

The national TWG continues working towards
  • Increase the quality of IPC analysis by informing on reliability and quality of data and further capacity building.
  • Building strong ownership by decision makers will maximize the use of IPC products.
  • Chronic food insecurity analysis to inform medium and long term food security response.
  • Full ownership by the Government and financial sustainability of the IPC process

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